Nissim Aloni

Nissim Aloni (1926-1998), one of Israel's leading dramatists, was born in Tel Aviv. He fought in the 1948 War of Independence and then began publishing stories in the soldiers' weekly, Bamahaneh. Aloni studied history and French culture at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, and then spent a year in Paris, where he became closely acquainted with the new European theater. His first play, Most Cruel the King, based on a biblical story, was produced by Habima Theater in 1953. After his return from Paris, he wrote and directed The King's New Clothes, which represented a total revolution in Israeli theater. In 1963, he founded the Seasons Theater, which was active for three years.
Aloni's work was critically acclaimed and enjoyed a popular following. He wrote and staged 12 plays, and published one collection of short stories. His play, Eddy King, has also been adapted for the screen.
Aloni was awarded The Nahum Zemach & Menahem Gnessin Prize for Most Cruel the King (1955), The Kinor David Prize for Playwright of the Year three times (1964; 1971; 1976), as well as for Director of the Year (1971); the Govinska-Baratz Prize for The Bride and the Butterfly Hunter (1967), the President's Prize for  Aunt Lisa (1971), the Tel Aviv Prize for stage arts (1971), the Meskin Prize for The American Princess (1982), The Bialik Prize (1983), the Scheiber Prize (1987), the Rosenblum Prize for stage arts (1993), the Ada Ben Nahum Translation Prize (1994), the Israeli Theater Prize for Lifetime Achievement (1995), the Israel Prize for Theater (1996) and the Israeli Theater Prize for Translator of the Year (1997; 1998). In 1992, he became an Honorary Fellow of the The Sam Spiegel Film & Television School, Jerusalem.



Nissim Aloni

Books Published in Hebrew

The American Princess (play), Amikam, 1963; Yedioth Ahronoth, 2002 [Ha-Nesicha Ha-Amerikait]
Eddy King (play), University Publishing Projects/ Siman Kriah, 1975 [Eddy King]
The Owl [Run, Soldier, Run] (stories) , Tarmil, 1975; Hakibbutz Hameuchad, 1981; Am Oved, Omanut Laam, 1996; rev. ed. as Run, Soldier, Run: Hakibbutz Hameuchad/ Siman Kriah, 2006 [Ha-Yanshuf; later: Rutz, Chayal Turki]
The Bride and the Butterfly Hunter (play), Hakibbutz Hameuchad/ Siman Kriah, 1980 [Ha-Kala Ve-Tzayad Ha-Parparim; Ha-Niftar Mitpareʹa]
Napoleon, Dead or Alive (play), Keter, 1993 [Napoleon - Hai O Met!]
Notes of an Alley Cat (non-fiction), Yedioth Aharonoth, 1996 [Reshimot Shel Hatul Rechov]
Most Cruel the King (play), Yedioth Ahronoth, 1997 [Achzar Mi-Col Ha-Melech]
Aunt Lisa (play), Yedioth Ahronoth, 2000 [Doda Lisa]
Gypsies of Jaffa (play), Yedioth Ahronoth, 2000 [Ha-Tzoʹanim Shel Yaffo]
The Kingʹs Clothes (play), Yedioth Ahronoth, 2004 [Bigdey Ha-Melech]
Run, Soldier, Run (stories), Hakibbutz Hameuchad/ Siman Kriah, 2006 [Rutz, Chayal Turki]. See: The Owl, above
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PERFORMED PLAYS
Most Cruel the King [Habima, 1953]
Like Anyone Else (Lucas the Coward) [Eshnav, 1959]
The Kingʹs New Clothes [Habima, 1961]
The American Princess [Haʹonot, 1963]
The Revolution and the Chicken [Cameri, 1964]
The Bride and the Butterfly Hunter [Bimot, 1967]
Aunt Lisa [Bimot, 1969]
Napoleon Dead or Alive [Bimot, 1970]
Gypsies of Jaffa [Habima, 1971]
That Scapegoat [Cameri, 1973]
Eddy King [Habima, 1975]
The Wild Deceased [Beit Lessin, 1980]

Books in Translation

French: Paris, Viviane Hamy, 2016
The American Princess
English: Tel Aviv, The Institute for the Translation of Hebrew Literature, 1980

Eddy King
French: Tel Aviv, The Institute for the Translation of Hebrew Literature, 1985 
 
Manuscripts available in translation (for publishers only):
The Bride and the Butterfly Hunter (play) - English; French
The Owl (stories) - English